French author Annie Ernaux has been awarded the Nobel Prize 2022 in Literature for “the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory.” In her writing, the Nobel Prize laureate Annie Ernaux consistently and from different angles, examines a life marked by strong disparities regarding gender, language, and class. The author has over thirty literary works published under her name.
In addition to this, a total of four prizes have been awarded to distinguished personalities in the fields of Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Literature.
On October 3, Monday, Svante Paabo, a Swedish scientist, received the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work in human evolution and concerning the genomes of extinct hominins that revealed Neanderthal DNA’s secrets and gave us important information about our immune system.
The award for physics was shared by three men, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser, and Anton Zeilinger, for their work in quantum technology on October 4. The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities, and pioneering quantum information science,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced.
On October 5, Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten Meldal, and K. Barry Sharpless shared the award for chemistry for developing “an ingenious tool for building molecule.” The Nobel laureautes have received the award for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry, the academy informed.
Nobel Prize for Peace and Economic Sciences is scheduled to be announced respectively on October 7, Friday, and October 10, Monday.
Nobel Prize and Organizations selecting Nobel Prize winners
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences was founded in 1739 and is an independent organisation, whose overall objective is to promote the sciences and strengthen their influence in society. Their goal is achieved by selecting the annual winners of the Nobel Prizes for Physics, Chemistry, and Economics.
While the Swedish Academy is a non-profit organisation in Sweden dedicated to the preservation and advancement of the Swedish language and literature. The academy bestows numerous literary honours, including the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Norwegian Nobel Committee is in charge of selecting qualified candidates as well as selecting Nobel Peace Prize laureates. The Committee is made up of five members that are appointed by the Storting (Norwegian parliament).
The beginning of October is a Nobel Prize season, which is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden, and based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor, and entrepreneur. A person awarded the Nobel Prize is called a Nobel Prize laureate.
The term “laureate” refers to someone who is represented by a laurel wreath. Victors were given laurel wreaths as a sign of honour in ancient Greece. Every October, committees in Sweden and Norway select laureates for several prizes in science, literature, economics, and peace work.